In spite of Tanzania's heavy dependence upon biomass energy, the sector is weakly governed and under-valued, historically marginalised in official policy and public perception. Weak law enforcement means that the harvesting and processing of biomass fuels is largely unregulated and contributes significantly to land use change through the degradation of tree cover. This has climate change implications as sequestration capacity is reduced by harvesting rates that exceed sustainable yield.
The biomass energy industry is characterised by skewed value chains in which producers are marginalized. In addition, woodfuel economy measures and investments in production and conversion systems that would be more efficient and less environmentally damaging still needs to be further developed.
Improved climate change adaptation and mitigation, enhanced environmental sustainability and leveraged returns on biomass resources, delivering sustainable development to Tanzania and its people.
Outcome 1: Sustainable charcoal Production (SPC):
Commercially viable value chains established for legal, sustainably sourced charcoal
Outcome 2: Knowledge management & communications
Credible data and analysis communicated through coordinated advocacy leading to more biomass-friendly governance of the energy sector
The project will operate in Kilosa Districts in Morogoro Region, where TFCG is already engaged with 18 villages in the PFM process that forms part of the pilot REDD programme.
The project aims to benefit rural communities in Kilosa District, particularly in/around those areas where PFM processes already forms part of the pilot REDD programme. Sustainably charcoal production and support for forest-friendly agriculture will be introduced in eight villages in Kilosa District, four within the existing REDD area and other four in the REDD leakage belt.
Sustainable Charcoal - Project leaflet.
Relevant technical reports
Kilahama, F. Impact of increased charcoal consumption to forests and woodlands in Tanzania.
Malimbwi, R.E., S. Misana, G.C. Monela, G. Jambiya and E. Zahabu. Impact of charcoal extraction to the forest resources of Tanzania: the case of Kitulangalo area, Tanzania. Chaposa.
Malimbwi, R. E., E. Zahabu, G.C. Kajembe, E.J. Luoga. Contribution of Charcoal Extraction to Deforestation: Experience from CHAPOSA Research Project.
Monela, G.C., E. Zahabu, R.E. Malimbwi, G. Jambiya and S. Misana. Socio-economics of charcoal extraction in Tanzania: a case of eastern Part of Tanzania.
Mwampamba, T. 2007. Has the woodfuel crisis returned? Urban charcoal consumption in Tanzania and its implications to present and future forest availability. Energy Policy.
Peters, C. 2009. Environmental crisis or sustainable development opportunity? Transforming the charcoal sector in Tanzania: A Policy Note. World Bank pp 1 - 72.